Native Species

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2018 Pricing

SizePrice
2 Inch Pots (32 pots per flat)$1.59 each and $40/flat of all one species
4 Inch Pots$3.99/pot
Gallon Pots$16.00 and up
#2 Gallon Pots and up$20.00 and up

Remember that plants are living things so everything in our catalog may not be available at all times.  We’d be happy to answer your questions about current availability.  If we don’t have what you’re looking for, we can let you know when it might be ready or suggest a good substitution.

Questions?  Contact natives@dragonflygardens.net

*Sizing, Availability and Pricing Subject to Change*

 FlowersHt.HabitatLightDescription2" Pot4.25" PotGallon +
Wildflowers
Achillea millefolium
Yarrow
White
June to Oct
18-30"Prairie
Savanna Woodland
full sun to part shadeAttractive, aromatic, ferny foliage. Great component of a no-mow or low-mow lawn. Good butterfly plant. Grows well in a wide variety of habitats.
Acorus calamus
Sweet Flag
Yellow
July to Aug
36"Marsh Peatland Lake Edgefull sun to part shadeUnusual plant with attractive yellowish foliage and sweet fragrance when crushed. Forms beautiful clumps on lake margins. Great for water gardens.
Agastache foeniculum
Anise Hyssop
Blue
June to Oct
24-40"Prairie
Savanna
full sun to part shadeBeautiful 3" flower spikes attract butterflies throughout summer. Excellent cutflower and nice in perennial gardens. Fragrant foliage makes good herbal tea.
Allium cernuum
Nodding Wild Onion
Pink
July to Sept
12-18"Prairie
Savanna
full to part sunNodding 2" flower clusters above thin, wispy stems. Edible flower bulbs.
Allium stellatum
Prairie Onion
Pink
July to Sept
12-18"Dry Prairie Savannafull to part sunAttractive plants occurring in dry prairies and on rocky cliff areas. Good plant for tough sites and rock gardens. Ranging throughout MN and WI.
Amorpha canescens
Leadplant
Blue
June to July
18-42"Prairie
Savanna
full sun to part shadeLong-lived shrub with attractive fine silvery foliage. Slow-growing but worth the wait. Used medicinally by Native Americans. Suited to driest sandy soil.
Anaphilis margaritacea
Pearly Everlasting
White
June to Aug
18-24"Prairie
Savanna
Woodland
full sun to part shadeWhite papery strawflowers produced atop attractive whitish foliage. Nice dried flower and contrast plant in the perennial garden. Host plant for painted lady butterfly.
Anemone canadensis
Canada Anemone
White May to July12-24"Prairie Savanna Forestfull sun to part shadeFine, showy clump-forming plant of mesic to moist prairies, forest margins and woodlands.
Anemone cylindrica
Thimbleweed
White
Late May to July
16-20"Prairie
Savanna
Woodland
full sun to part shadeThimble-like infloresence held atop slender stems above highly divided basal leaves. Very pretty from summer into fall. Good on very dry sandy soils.
Aquilegia canadensis
Wild Columbine
Orange
May to June
20-36"Woodland
Forest
full sun to shadeFree-flowering woodland perennial that forms large clumps with attractive foliage. Excellent hummingbird plant. Often referred to as "honeysuckle."
Arisaema triphyllum
Jack in the Pulpit
Purple/
Green
May to June
18-30"Wet Forest Swamppart sun to shadeVery unusual flower stalk that emerges separately from 3-parted leaf. Great species for moist to wet forest restorations. Reliably spreads from seed once established.
Artemesia ludoviciana
Prairie Sage
Yellow
July to Oct
18-30"Prairie
Savanna
full to part sunFragrant whitish foliage makes a nice contrast to green plants. Dry to mesic prairies. Sacred incense and insect repellant of Native Americans.
Asarum canadense
Wild Ginger
Maroon
May to June
6-12"Mesic to Moist Forestpart sun to full shadeBeautiful forest groundcover with nearly round leaves. Strong ginger fragrance. Unusual flowers held on ground said to be pollinated by beetles. A must for forest restorations and shady perennial gardens.
Asclepias incarnata
Swamp Milkweed
Lavender
June to Aug
36-48"Prairie
Marsh
Lake Edge
full sun to part shadeShowy plant of moist to wet habitats. Host plant for monarch butterflies, very good nectar source for butterflies and hummingbirds. Great for lake edges.
Asclepias syriaca
Common Milkweed
Pink
June to Aug
36"-60"Prairie
Marsh
Lake Edge
full sun to part sunLarge leaved, robust plant known for being the larval host for Monarch butterflies. Benefits many other pollinators as well. Easy and fast to establish.
Asclepias tuberosa
Butterfly Weed
Orange
June to Sept
12-24"Prairie
Savanna
full to part sunA must for gardens, producing orange flowers in 3" clusters.Tolerates driest sandy soils. Host plant for monarch butterflies and nectar source for others.
Aster laevis
Smooth Aster
Blue
July to Oct
20-30"Prairie Savanna Woodlandfull sun to part shadeVery showy vibrant blue-flowered perennial. Several cultivated varieties exist, attesting to its beauty. Great butterfly plant and cutflower.
Aster macrophyllus
Big Leaf Aster
Blue
Aug to Oct
8-18"Savanna Woodland Forestfull sun to shadeOne of the most common groundcovers of northern forests. Broad heart-shaped leaves make an great, fast-growing groundcover for all but the wettest soil types.
Aster novae-angliae
New England Aster
Blue
Aug to Oct
24-48"Prairie Marsh Swampfull sun to part shadeNice perennial for moist to wet habitats. Commonly used as a garden perennial and for wet lake-edge plantings. Nectar source for butterflies.
Aster oblongifolius
Aromatic Aster
Violet
Aug to Oct
12-24"Dry Prairie Savannafull to part sunVery attractive low-grower for dry sandy prairies. Common throughout SE to NW MN and SW to NW WI. A must for short prairie restorations.
Aster ptarmicoides
Upland White Aster
White
Aug to Oct
12-24"Prairie Savannafull to part sunLow, spreading plants covered with white heads late summer through fall. Mesic to dry prairies throughout MN and WI. Excellent in short prairies.
Aster puniceus
Swamp Aster
Purple
Aug to Oct
36-56"Marsh Swampfull sun to part shadeCommon, showy aster of lake edges, swamps, bogs, and fens. Occurs throughout MN and WI.
Aster sericeus
Silky Aster
Purple
Aug to Oct
12-24"Prairie Savannafull to part sunAttractive mound-forming aster of dry prairies and savannas. Ranges throughout SE to NW MN and the southern 2/3 of WI.
Aster umbellatus
Flat-topped Aster
White
July to Aug
30-42"Prairie Lake Edge Swampfull sun to full shadeWhite heads held in a broad terminal cluster. Common plant of moist to wet lake edges and moist to mesic forests. Great butterfly plant and cutflower. Ranges throughout MN and WI.
Baptisia alba
White Wild Indigo
White
June to Aug
30-42"Prairie Marsh Lake Edgefull to part sunLegume of moist to wet prairies and lake edges. Attractive foliage and flowers followed by pods. Nice in perennial gardens.
Baptisia australis
Blue False Indigo
Blue
June to July
30-42"Prairie Savannafull to part sunStately perennial with glossy foliage and beautiful sky blue flower clusters. Excellent garden perennial. Native south of our range but tough enough for restorations here in NW WI.
Baptisia bracteata
Cream Wild Indigo
Cream
May to July
30-42"Dry Prairie Open Woodsfull sun to part shadeImpressive plant that really catches the eye. Showy early flowers in long flower stalks followed by interesting inflated pods. Good on tough dry sites.
Cacalia atriplicifolia
Pale Indian Plantain
White
July to Sept
24-36"Prairie Savanna Woodlandfull sun to part shadeBroad white heads above attractive greyish foliage. Native in southern third of WI.
Campanula americana
Tall Bellflower
Blue
July to Oct
36-60"Savanna Woodlandpart sun to part shadeA biennial so grows quickly and flowers the first or second year and then self-seeds. Tall spires of violet-blue flowers good for quick color in partially shaded restorations and a variety of soil conditions except very dry.
Campanula rotundifolia
Harebell
Blue
June to Sept
16-24"Prairie Savanna Woodlandfull sun to part shadeBlue bell-shaped flowers atop delicate, grassy foliage. Great plant for restorations. Common throughout WI in all dry habitats. Shade-tolerant.
Chelone glabra
Turtlehead
White
July to Oct
24-36"Lake Edge
Peatland
full sun to part shadeSpikes of showy turtle-shaped flowers atop glossy dark green foliage. Nice for gardens and lake edge restorations. Widespread in MN and WI.
Coreopsis lanceolata
Lance Leaf Coreopsis
Yellow
June to Aug
24-36"Dry Prairie Savannafull sun to part shadeWiry stems bearing yellow daisies. Easy to grow on toughest, driest soil types. Very good butterfly plant.
Coreopsis palmata
Prairie Coreopsis
Yellow
June to Oct
16-30"Dry Prairie Savannafull sun to part shadeYellow daisies above ferny foliage. Native of driest prairies and bluff communities throughout southern 2/3 of MN and WI. Good for butterflies.
Dalea candida
White Prairie Clover
White
June to Sept
16-30"Dry Prairie Savannafull to part sunDense 2" clusters of small white flowers atop grayish ferny foliage. Very attractive perennial for prairie and savanna restorations as well as perennial gardens.
Dalea purpurea
Purple Prairie Clover
Purple
June to Sept
16-30"Dry Prairie Savannafull to part sunSimilar to Dalea candida but with purple flowers. Both species are excellent butterfly plants. Used as tea by Native Americans.
Dicentra cucullaria Dutchman's BreechesWhite May to June12"Deciduous Forestfull to part shadeSpring blooming woodland wildflower of mesic to moist forests throughout MN and WI.
Echinacea pallida
Pale Purple Coneflower
Lavender
July to Aug
24-36"Prairie Savannafull to part sunOnly echinacea species definitely native to WI. Nice narrow foliage. Heads have reflexed rays ("petals"). Can't beat these for butterflies.
Echinacea purpurea
Purple Coneflower
Purple
July to Aug
24-36"Prairie Savannafull to part sunSpectacular display of broad-headed purple daisies. Great for restorations and perennial gardens.
Eryngium yuccifolium
Rattlesnake Master
White
July to Oct
28-42"Prairie Savannafull to part sunExotic-looking plant that resembles a desert yucca. Bristly white heads and whitish foliage make it a great background perennial as well as a tough fast grower for restorations.
Eupatorium maculatum
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Purple
July to Sept
24-48"Wet Prairie Marsh Swampfull sun to part shadeGood lake edge perennial with broad flat-topped clusters of purple heads. Excellent butterfly plant. Ranges throughout MN and WI.
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Boneset
White
June to Aug
24-42"Prairie Marsh Swampfull sun to part shadeNice lake edge plants with flat-topped cluster of white heads. Very nice purplish foliage with opposite fused leaves. Used medicinally to hasten healing of bones. Ranges throughout MN and WI.
Eupatorium purpureum
Purple Joe Pye Weed
Purple
July to Sept
24-36"Savanna Woodland Forestpart sun to shadeMoist to moderately dry savannas and forests through southern 2/3 of WI and eastern 1/2 of MN. Attractive broad clusters of purple heads. Excellent for attracting butterflies.
Fragaria vesca
Woodland Strawberry
White
May to June
6-10"Prairie Forestfull sun to shadeAttractive groundcover that grows rapidly. A must in the woodland restoration. Sweet tasting red fruits in June are a bonus. Ranges throughout northern latitudes including MN and WI.
Fragaria virginiana Wild StrawberryWhite
May to June
6"Prairie Savanna Forestfull sun to shadeStoloniferous spreading groundcover bears delicious fruit. Found throughout MN and WI ranging from prairies to forests. Widely adapted to dry, moist or even wet soils.
Galium boreale
Northern Bedstraw
White
June to July
16-24"Woodland
Forest
full sun to full shadeCommon understory species of northern forests in MN & WI. Easy to grow on mesic to dry soils.
Gentiana alba
White Bottle Gentian
White
Aug to Oct
18-30"Prairie Marsh
Lake Edge
full to part sunVery nice white bottle-shaped flowers. Tolerant of drier conditions than blue gentian and equally beautiful. First year plants require extra attention.
Gentiana andrewsii
Blue Bottle Gentian
Blue
Aug to Oct
18-30"Prairie Marsh
Lake Edge
full to part sunBeautiful slow-growing perennial with 3" bottle shaped flowers at top of stems. Blooms in second year if competition is minimized. Awesome blue fall color. Small first year seedlings require extra attention.
Geranium maculatum
Wild Geranium
Pink
May to June
18"Woodland Savanna Forestfull to part shadeTolerant to all soils and woodland conditions except deeply shaded situations. Nice perennial geranium with attractive foliage that turns red in fall.
Geum triflorum
Prairie Smoke
Red
May to June
6-12"Dry Prairie Woodlandfull to part sunAwesome early-flowering prairie wildflower, great for sandy site restorations and for rock gardening. Hairy fruits remain attractive throughout the year.
Helenium autumnale
Sneezeweed
Yellow
July to Oct
30-48"Swamp Lake Edgefull sun to shadeSneezeweed won't make you sneeze - it was used as an expectorant by Native Americans. Gaillardia -like heads in abundance. Good butterfly plant.
Helianthus occidentalis
Western Sunflower
Yellow
July to Sept
24-36"Prairie Savanna Woodlandfull sun to part shadeA component of dry habitats through much of WI. Bears several yellow heads on top of mostly leafless flower stalks.
Helianthus strumosus
Woodland Sunflower
Yellow
July to Oct
36-48"Woodland Forestfull sun to part shadeVery common woodland sunflower seen at the edge of forests and ditches. Variable but showy with terminal yellow heads. Birds eat seeds. Excellent soil stabilizer.
Heliopsis helianthoides
False Sunflower
Yellow June to Oct24-42"Prairie Savanna Lake Edgefull to part sunWidespread on dry to wet soils. Long flowering period. Suited to all but very shady restoration sites. Commonly used as a garden perennial.
Hepatica acutiloba
Sharp-lobed Hepatica
White/Pink/
Blue
April to May
6"Rich
Woodland
Forest
part sun to full shadeOne of the earliest blooming wildflowers. Forms very attractive clumps with glossy green evergreen three-lobed liver-shaped leaves. Great for woodland gardens and shady restorations.
Hepatica americana Rounded HepaticaWhite / Lavender April to May6"Deciduous Northern Forestpart shade to shadeOne of the earliest blooming wildflowers. Forms very attractive clumps with glossy green evergreen three-lobed liver-shaped leaves. Highly recommended for woodland gardens and shady restorations. Widespread throughout MN and WI.
Heuchera richardsonii
Alum Root
White
May to July
12-18"Prairie Savanna Woodlandfull sun to part shadeCommon through most of WI and MN. Attractive, tough ground cover well suited to dry soils. Quite shade-tolerant. Usually associated with rock outcrops in prairies, woodlands, and forests.
Iris versicolor
Northern Blue Flag Iris
Blue
June to July
24-36"Marsh
Peatland
Lake Edge
full to part sunCommon on lake margins throughout northern WI and MN. Very attractive, forming large clumps. Some consider this to be synonymous with Iris virginica.
Liatris aspera
Rough Blazing Star
Purple
July to Sept
18-36"Prairie Savanna Woodlandfull to part sunBeautiful purple spikes. Most common liatris of dry, sandy prairies throughout MN and WI. Excellent butterfly plant.
Liatris cylindracea
Dwarf Blazing Star
Purple
July to Oct
8-24"Dry Prairie
Savanna
full to part sunUnique dwarf blazing star of extemely dry, sandy soils throughout most of the prairie regions of MN and WI. Good garden specimen in well-drained soil.
Liatris ligulistylis
Northern Plains Blazing Star
Purple
July to Aug
24-42"Prairie Savannafull to part sunRosy heads appear in abundance on tall spikes. Beautiful plant among the best to attract butterflies. OK on wet and dry soils.
Liatris pychnostachya
Thick Spike Blazing Star
Purple
July to Sept
24-36"Prairie Marsh Lake Edgefull to part sunDense purple spikes. Good for moist and wet restoration sites. Very showy, good butterfly plant. Ranges throughout prairie regions of MN and WI.
Liatris spicata
Marsh Blazing Star
Purple
July to Aug
24-36"Prairie
Marsh
Lake Edge
full to part sunMost common liatris for perennial gardening. Grows well in any condition. Perfect pollinator plant. Native into SE WI. Moist to wet soils.
Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower
Red
July to Oct
36-48"Prairie
Marsh
Lake Edge
full sun to part shadeShowy spikes of red flowers are the best for attracting hummingbirds. Suited to moist soils particularly along waterways. Native through most of WI.
Lobelia siphilitica
Great Blue Lobelia
Blue
July to Oct
20-30"Marsh Peatland Swampfull sun to part shadeWidely adapted to wet and moist soils. Vivid blue and white-striped flowers in terminal spikes. Compact and well suited to perennial gardens.
Lupinus perennis
Wild Blue Lupine
Blue
May to July
16-24"Prairie Savannafull to part sunVivid blue flowers in tall spikes. Very compact. Good in perennial gardens. Suited to dry sunny sites. Host plant for threatened Karner Blue butterfly. First year plants are small, requiring extra care.
Mertensia virginiana
Virginia Bluebells
Blue
May to June
18-24"Woodland Forestpart to full shadeClusters of bell-shaped blue flowers in spring. Nice woodland wildflower. Dies back by midsummer, but are plantable while dormant.
Mimulus ringens
Monkeyflower
Lavender
July to Sept
18-24"Marsh
Lake Edge
Swamp
full sun to part shadeLavender spikes of 1" snapdragon flowers that look like small monkeys. Compact plants. Excellent for lakescaping.
Monarda fistulosa
Bergamot
Lavender
July to Aug
36-48"Prairie Savanna Woodlandfull sun to part shadeOne of the most common and widespread native wildflowers. Good in herbal teas. Used medicinally by Native Americans. Moist to dry soils.
Monarda punctata
Dotted Mint
Lavender
June to Sept
18-30"Prairie Savannafull to part sunFragrant herb with showy dotted multicolored leaves below flowers. Good on dry soils. Used medicinally and in herbal teas. Nice cutflower.
Parthenium integrifolium
Wild Quinine
White
June to July
24-36"Prairie Savanna Woodlandfull sun to part shadeAttractive plant with unique foliage. Once commercially exploited as a source of quinine. Native of dry and mesic habitats and a variety of light conditions. Its northern range is into southern WI.
Penstemon digitalis
Smooth Penstemon
White
June to July
24-30"Prairie Savanna Woodlandfull sun to part shade1.5" white tubular flowers in tall spikes. Good garden perennial and cutflower. Tolerant of dry and mesic soils and a variety of light conditions.
Penstemon grandiflorus
Large Flowered
Beard-tongue
Lavender
June to July
24-36"Prairie Savanna Woodlandfull sun to part shadeHuge trumpet shaped flowers in spikes above glossy leaves. Very attractive in prairies and perennial gardens. Adapted to dry, sandy soil.
Phlox divaricata
Woodland Phlox
Blue
June to July
12-18"Forestpart sun to shadeBeautiful fragrant spring wildflower occurring in forests ranging from mesic to floodplain. Excellent for shady restorations and gardens.
Phlox pilosa
Prairie Phlox
Pink
May to June
18-24"Prairie Savannafull to part sunBroad heads of deep pink flowers. Very nice wildflower for restorations and perennial gardens.
Physostegia virginiana
Obedient Plant
Pink
July to Oct
24-36"Prairie Marsh Swampfull sun to part shadePopular garden perennial native to moist prairies, lakeside and streamside wetlands.
Podophyllum peltatum
Mayapple
White May to June12-18"Deciduous Forestfull to part sunUnique spring ephemeral of rich forests. Plant bears a single, large, nodding, fragrant flower which becomes a yellow fruit. Large, jagged, umbrella-shaped leaf offers relief from the rain for gnomes and trolls.
Polemonium reptans
Jacob's Ladder
Blue
May to June
18"Woodland Forestpart sun to full shadeBeautiful spring woodland wildflower. Ferny leaves resemble a ladder. A must for woodland gardens and restorations.
Polygonatum biflorum
Soloman's Seal
White
May to June
18-36"Savanna
Woodland
part sun to full shadeA very attractive plant with graceful arching stems that add character and charm to any shaded garden or restoration.
Ratibida columnifera
Prairie Coneflower
Yellow or Red
July to Sept
12-20"Prairie Savannafull to part sunNative to central and western portions of the Great Plains including western MN. Low growing plant of dry prairies. Very attractive heads. Red form called "Mexican Hat."
Ratibida pinnata
Yellow Coneflower
Yellow
July to Oct
24-52"Prairie Savannafull to part sunOne of the more common native prairie wildflowers. Very attractive to butterflies. Greyish foliage makes this a nice contrast plant.
Rudbeckia fulgida
Orange Coneflower
Orange-Yellow
July to Oct
24-36"Marsh
Lake Edge
Fen
full to part sunBeautiful compact coneflower with deep green foliage and 3" orange-yellow heads with brown centers. Parent of 'goldsturm', one of the most popular garden perennials.
Rudbeckia hirta
Black Eyed Susan
Yellow
June to Oct
24-36"Prairie Savannafull to part sunVery common short-lived perennial occurring in a wide range of habitats. Produces lots of color the first year.
Rudbeckia laciniata
Wild Goldenglow
Yellow
July to Sept
36-48"Prairie Swamp Lake Edgefull sun to part shadeFound throughout WI, primarily in swamp habitats and along lakes and streams, but also in prairies. Good for moist, shaded restoration sites.
Rudbeckia subtomentosa
Sweet Black Eyed Susan
Yellow
July to Sept
24-36"Prairie Stream Edgefull to part sunVery attractive yellow heads in profusion atop deep green glossy leaves. Good for restorations and perennial gardens. Native into SW WI.
Rudbeckia triloba
Brown Eyed Susan
Yellow
July to Oct
24-36"Prairie Marsh Swampfull sun to part shadeOutstanding coneflower with numerous heads which are smaller than other species, but more abundant. Very nice foliage. Should be grown more widely in perennial beds. Mesic to wet soils.
Sanguinaria canadensis BloodrootWhite April to June8"Forestfull to part shadeSpring blooming woodland wildflower found throughout the forest supporting regions of MN and WI. Single, jagged umbrella shaped leaf is accompanied by a single, large, showy white flower.
Silene regia
Royal Catchfly
Red
June to Oct
18-24"Prairie
Savanna
full sun to part shadeDeep red tubular flowers flaring out into a star. Excellent hummingbird plant and garden perennial. Native just south of MN and WI, but hardy in the north.
Silphium integrifolium
Rosinweed
Yellow
June to Sept
24-36"Prairie
Savanna
full to part sunWet to dry prairies. Range includes southern half of WI. Attractive sunflower heads. Glossy resinous foliage.
Silphium perfoliatum
Cup Plant
Yellow
July to Sept
48-72"Prairie
Marsh
Lake Edge
full sun to part shadeImpressive sunflower with numerous broad yellow heads. Unusual opposite leaves fuse to make cups which collect water for bird bathing. Birds love it!
Solidago flexicaulis
Zig Zag Goldenrod
Yellow
Aug to Sept
24"Woodland Forestpart to full shadeGood woodland perennial for restorations. Unique zig-zag stems with scattered yellow heads. Very different than most goldenrods. Moist to mesic soils.
Solidago rigida
Stiff Goldenrod
Yellow
Aug to Sept
24-36"Prairie Savanna Lake Edgefull to part sunAnother goldenrod worthy of growing for its very attractive foliage. Topped with a broad, flat cluster of yellow heads. Adapted to mesic and moist soils. Good garden perennial.
Solidago speciosa
Showy Goldenrod
Yellow
Aug to Sept
24-36"Prairie Savannafull sun to part shadeHighly recommended for restorations and for perennial gardens. Very showy tall heads above glossy green foliage. Great butterfly plant.
Thalictrum dasycarpum
Purple Meadow Rue
White to Pink
June to July
40-50"Prairie
Lake Edge
Swamp
full sun to part shadeBeautiful dark green, highly divided, columbine-like foliage with open sprays of frilly flowers. Excellent for moist to wet sites in all but fully shaded light levels.
Thalictrum dioicum
Early Meadow Rue
White
May to June
24"Woodland
Forest
part to full shadeNice woodland wildflower for all but the driest sandy soils. Pretty flower heads held above columbine-like foliage. Nice in the shaded perennial garden.
Tiarella cordifolia
Foamflower
White
May to June
12"Deciduous Forestpart sun to full shadeWoodland wildflower of maple forests with attractive foliage and terminal clusters of white flowers. Rare in east central MN and eastern WI, but hardy throughout.
Tradescantia bracteata
Prairie Spiderwort
Blue
June to Aug
18-30"Prairie
Savanna
full to part sunAttractive clump-forming plant topped with showy blue flowers for much of the summer. Adapted to most mesic and dry prairie regions of MN and western WI.
Tradescantia ohiensis
Ohio Spiderwort
Blue
June to Oct
24-48"Prairie Savanna Woodlandfull sun to part shadeForms large clumps creating a very nice display of 1" flowers in heads on top of each stem. Great for restorations and gardens. Moist to dry soils.
Trillium grandiflorum TrilliumWhite May8-12"Deciduous Forestpart shade to shadeSpectacular 2" white 3-petaled flowers in May. This harbinger of spring will let you know that winter is finally over! Widespread in WI and MN forests.
Uvularia grandiflora Yellow BellwortYellow May to June12"Deciduous Forestpart shade to shadeOne of the nicest spring woodland wildflowers with nodding bell-shaped yellow flowers. Widespread in forests throughout MN and WI.
Verbena hastata
Blue Vervain
Blue
June to Sept
36-48"Prairie Marsh Swampfull sun to part shadeTall spikes of blue flowers really attract butterflies. Great for shoreland restorations on mesic to saturated soils. Throughout MN and WI.
Verbena stricta
Hoary Vervain
Blue
June to Sept
24-36"Prairie Savanna Woodlandfull sun to part shadeSpikes of blue flowers above greyish foliage. Adapted to dry, sandy soils. Good butterfly plant.
Vernonia fasciculata
Ironweed
Rose-Pink
July to Sept
24-42"Prairie Marsh Swampfull sun to part shadeBroad, flat clusters of pink heads to 5" across. Very attractive to butterflies. Good in moist to wet soils for lake edge landscaping. Wide ranging in MN and WI.
Veronicastrum virginianum
Culver's Root
White
June to Sept
36-54"Prairie Savanna Woodlandfull sun to part shadeSeveral tall showy spikes on top of each stem make this an excellent tall garden perennial. Attracts butterflies. Good in most soils except extemely dry.
Zizia aptera
Heart-leaf Golden Alexanders
Yellow
May to June
18-30"Prairie Savannafull sun to part shadeClosely resembles Zizia aurea except for shape of young leaves. Throughout MN and SE to NW WI. Nice for early summer flowers.
Zizia aurea
Golden Alexanders
Yellow
May to July
18-30"Prairie Savanna Woodlandfull sun to part shadeEarly-flowering plant of mesic to moist habitats with 3" flat-topped heads of yellow flowers. Seed heads that follow are attractive throughout the year.
Grasses, sedges, and rushes
Andropogon gerardii
Big Bluestem
Purplish Green
July to Sept
36-72+"Prairie Savanna Woodlandfull sun to part shadeOne of the most dominant tall prairie grasses. Purplish foliage creates a nice effect along with turkey-foot-like flower head. Dry to moist habitats.
Bouteloua curtipendula
Side Oats Grama
Red-Green
July to Sept
18-30"Prairie Savanna Woodlandfull sun to part shadeVery common species of dry to mesic habitats. Stamens are red, making them beautiful cutflowers when fresh. A must for any open dry site restoration.
Bouteloua gracilis
Blue Grama
Purplish Green
July to Sept
12"Prairie Savannafull to part sunNative through the central Great Plains into western WI. Very good lawn alternative. Low growing, forming attractive clumps.
Bromus ciliatus
Fringed Brome
Green
June to July
24-36"Prairie Wetland Forestfull sun to shadeWidely adapted species of habitats from saturated wetlands to mesic upland forests and roadsides. Very good grower for shady restoration sites. Found throughout MN and WI.
Bromus kalmii
Kalm's Brome
Green
June to July
24-36"Prairie Savanna Woodlandfull sun to part shadeWidely adapted to habitats ranging from dry prairie to swampy thickets. Rapidly growing rhizomatous species. Very common in dry sand barren, open pine, and oak woodlands.
Calamagrostis canadensis
Blue Joint Reedgrass
Straw
July to Aug
36-48"Prairie Marsh Swampfull sun to part shadeFine-leaved grass forms a dense cover on lake margins. One of the grasses displaced by reed canary grass and a good one to plant after nuking RCG. Purplish foliage.
Carex bebbii
Bebb's Sedge
Green
May to June
24-36"Marsh Swamp Lake Edgefull sun to part shadeForms dense clumps on moist to saturated soil. Very common in most wetland areas throughout MN and WI.
Carex bicknellii Bicknell's SedgeTan May to June12-24"Dry to Wet Prairie Savannafull to part sunSedge adapted to habitats ranging from dry to moist, usually on rocky, gravelly soil. Forms nice clumps. Found throughout southern 2/3 of MN and WI.
Carex comosa
Bottlebrush Sedge
Green
May to June
24-42"Marsh Peatland Lake Edgefull sun to part shadeBeautiful clumps of yellowish stems on lake margins. Nodding flower spikes look like a bottlebrush. Excellent for restorations and water gardens.
Carex crinita
Caterpillar Sedge
Green
May to June
30-42"Marsh Swamp Lake Edgefull sun to part shadeClump-forming. 4" nodding spikes resemble a caterpillar. Very nice for wet site restorations and for water gardens. Excellent for control of shoreland erosion.
Carex hystricina
Porcupine Sedge
Green
May to June
24-42"Swamp
Marsh
Lake Edge
full sun to part shadeVery similar to Carex comosa. Very attractive plants for shoreland restorations and water gardening.
Carex lupulina
Hop Sedge
Green
May to June
24-42"Swamp
Marsh
Lake Edge
full sun to part shadeFlower spikes resemble hops clusters. Stout-stemmed clump former of a wide variety of wet habitats, including shady swamps. Very good for shady rain gardens.
Carex pennsylvanica
Pennsylvania Sedge
Brown
May
6-8"Dry to Mesic Forestfull sun to full shadeOutstanding, low, clump-forming graminoid with yellow-green foliage. Forms extensive stands in northwoods forests that are extremely attractive. A must for forest restorations in northern MN and WI.
Carex sprengelii
Long Beaked Sedge
Green
June to July
18"Woodland Forestpart sun to full shadeClump forming sedge of mesic to moist forests and stream sides. Very attractive plants with nodding spikes. Good for forest restorations.
Carex stipata
Awl Fruit Sedge
Green
May to June
16-40"Swamp
Marsh
Lake Edge
full sun to full shadeCommon, coarse clump forming sedge found in a wide variety of wet habitats throughout MN and WI. Very good fast grower. Shade tolerant species.
Carex vulpinoidea
Fox Sedge
Green May to June18-30"Swamp
Marsh
Lake Edge
full sun to part shadeBeautiful clump-forming sedge of lake and wetland margins. Very attractive multi-tiered flower spikes persist through the summer and into the fall.
Elymus canadensis
Canada Wild Rye
Green
July to Aug
36-48"Prairie Savanna Lake Edgefull sun to part shadeVery good cover crop for restorations. Grows rapidly, binding exposed soil. Attractive infloresences. Tolerates soils ranging from wet to dry.
Elymus hystrix (patula)
Bottlebrush Grass
Green
June to July
36-48"Forest Woodland Lake Edgefull sun to full shadeClump forming grass with tall spikes topped with an infloresence that looks like a bottlebrush. A must for forest restorations and shady perennial gardens.
Glyceria striata
Fowl Manna Grass
Green
July to Aug
24-36"Forest Swamp Lake Edgefull sun to full shadeLow clump forming grass common next to small pools in swamps, in moist to seasonally wet forests, and along waterways.
Hierochloe odorata
Sweet Grass
Green
May to June
12-24"Lake Edge
Prairie
Marsh
full sun to part shadeWidespread in MN and WI mostly on wetland margins on moist to wet soils. Sacred plant for Native Americans, used for braiding and basket-weaving. Revered for its sweet, aromatic vanilla-like fragrance.
Juncus effusus
Soft Rush
Brown
July to Aug
24-48"Swamp
Marsh
Lake Edge
full sun to part shadeDeep green wirey stems in large clumps along waterways and in a variety of wetlands. Evergreen plants remain attractive into winter.
Juncus tenuis
Path Rush
Brown
June to July
to 16"Wetland Lake Edgefull sun to part shadeVery common, widespread plant of wet places throughout MN and WI. Nice for restoration site margins. Easy to grow. Forms attractive clumps.
Koeleria macrantha
June Grass
Green
June to July
12-24"Prairie Savanna Woodlandfull sun to part shadeClump-forming grass, most commonly associated with dry sandy soils. Low-grower suitable for edging native restoration plantings.
Panicum virgatum
Switch Grass
Purple
June to Oct
36-96"Prairie Swamp Lake Edgefull to part sunFast growing clump former with attractive open infloresence. Suited to soils ranging from mesic to wet. Good for steep banks and slopes.
Schizachyrium scoparium
Little Bluestem
Amber
July to Sept
18-36"Prairie Savanna Woodlandfull sun to part shadeFabulous ornamental grass native to dry, sandy to mesic habitats throughout the region. Amber foliage maintains color through winter. Forms neat clumps.
Scirpus atrovirens
Green Bulrush
Brown
June to July
36-48"Marsh Swamp Lake Edgefull sun to part shadeCoarse clump forming plant with nice clusters of small brown heads. Suitable for wet shoreland zones.
Sorghastrum nutans
Indian Grass
Amber
July to Sept
48-72"Prairie Savanna Woodlandfull sun to part shadeClump-forming grass of dry, sandy to moist habitats. Very ornamental and suitable for the back of perennial borders. Great plant for a wide range of habitats.
Spartina pectinata
Prairie Cordgrass
Yellow
Aug to Oct
48-72"Prairie Marsh Lake Edgefull to part sunRhizomatous grass forming large clumps in sandy soil, usually near the water table, but sometimes under dry conditions. Common shoreland plant in northern WI and MN.
Sporobolus heterolepis
Prairie Dropseed
Green
Aug to Oct
18-36"Prairie Savannafull to part sunClump former with open, fine sprays of flowers. Popular as a garden perennial. Native to dry and mesic prairies throughout the region.
Ferns
Adiantum pedatum
Maidenhair Fern
24"Forest Swamppart to full shadeGraceful stems with soft highly divided leaves in a U-shaped pattern. Slow-starting but eventually forms nice clumps. Moist to wet forests.
Athyrium felix-femina
Lady Fern
36"Forest Swamppart to full shadeSemi-spreading lime green highly divided leaves make this a very useful ground cover for shady restorations and gardens.
Dryopteris marginalis
Eastern Wood Fern
20"Forest Swamppart to full shadeBlue-green highly divided fronds. Semi-spreading, attractive ornamental fern.
Matteuccia struthiopteris
Ostrich Fern
48"Forest Swamppart to full shadeVery attractive with divided, elongate fronds held erect. Unusual fertile fronds emerge from the center in early summer and remain attractive through winter.
Onoclea sensibilis
Sensitive Fern
12-24"Forest Swamppart sun to full shadeUnusual fern with broad green fronds and separate brown fertile fronds that are attractive year-round. Good for water gardens.
Osmunda cinnamomea
Cinnamon Fern
24-36"Forest Swamp Marshfull sun to full shadeVery sun tolerant if always moist as in a water garden. Nice semi-erect fronds. Fertile fronds emerge from center and look like a bunch of cinnamon sticks.
Osmunda claytoniana
Interrupted Fern
30-48"Forest
Swamp
Marsh
full sun to full shadeUnusual fern with fertile portion of leaves in the middle of central leaves. Extremely showy in the spring and holds up nicely through the summer. Widely adapted to various soil types and light levels. Wide ranging.
Osmunda regalis
Royal Fern
24-36"Forest Swamp Marshfull sun to full shadeUnique fern not even recognized as a fern by many. Excellent for lakescaping and water gardens. Highly attractive foliage.
Shrubs
Amelanchier laevis
Serviceberry / Juneberry
White
April to May
to 12'Forest Fields Clearcutsfull sun to part shadeOne of the earliest flowering shrubs. Stays lower with pruning. Bears bluish purple berries that are edible and attractive to wildlife. Dry to moist soils.
Amelanchier stolonifera
Running Serviceberry
White
April to May
2-5'Prairie Savanna Woodlandfull sun to part shadeSpreading clump-former of open habitats, cliffs, and clear-cuts. Lowest-growing of the serviceberries. Deep purple fruit appears in July and August and is usually of excellent quality. Ranges throughout most of WI and Eastern MN.
Aronia melanocarpa
Chokeberry
White
May
to 6'Lake Edge Forest Swampfull to part sunVery attractive spreading shrub. Nice clusters of white flowers followed by black berries. Deep red fall foliage. Excellent for wet lake edge plantings. Mesic to wet soil.
Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey Tea
White
June to Aug
1-2'Prairie Savanna Woodlandfull sun to part shadeUnder-utilized, very attractive low shrub with glossy green leaves and 2" clusters of fragrant flowers. Great for foundation plantings and dry restoration sites. Found on dry prairies throughout the region.
Ceanothus herbaceus
Prairie Red-Root
White
May to July
1-2'Prairie Dry Forestfull sun to shadeSimilar to New Jersey Tea, but more shade-tolerant, adapted to driest sandy soils. Dry prairies to pine forests throughout the region.
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Buttonbush
White
July to Aug
4-8'Swamp Riparian Forestfull sun to part shadeUnique tropical-looking shrub with glossy foliage and attractive flower clusters in summer. Native range limited to southeastern MN and southwestern WI.
Comptonia peregrina
Sweet Fern
Brown
April to May
1-2'Pine Forest Savannafull sun to part shadeVery cool low shrub with serrated elongate leaves that look like fern leaflets. Very pleasant, fragrant spicy foliage had a number of traditional medicinal uses. One of the most under-rated native shrubs.
Cornus alternifolia
Pagoda Dogwood
White
May to June
to 16'Forest
Swamp
full sun to part shadeVery attractive shrub with arching leaves that give the appearance of a giant bonsai. Perfect for the Japanese garden as well as habitat restoration or foundation plantings. Wide ranging in MN and WI.
Cornus racemosa
Gray Dogwood
White
May to July
6-8'Forest Prairiefull sun to part shadeWidely adapted shrub that forms large clonal stands of scattered stems. Good fall color, excellent production of berries. Shade-tolerant.
Cornus sericea (stolonifera)
Red Osier Dogwood
White
May to Aug
to 6'Forest Wetland Lake Edgefull sun to part shadeVery common in wetlands along lakes, streams, and rivers, particularly in the north. Red stems are beautiful in the winter. Mesic to wet soils.
Corylus americanus
Hazelnut
Purple
March to April
6-8'Forest Wetland Lake Edgefull sun to part shadeGrowing in popularity as landscape plant due to attractive foliage and fall color. Tolerates dry to wet soils and shade to sun. Very good, fast grower.
Diervilla lonicera
Dwarf Bush Honeysuckle
Yellow
June to Sept
2-3.5'Woodland Forest
Clearcuts
full sun to shadeFantastic low shrub for mass plantings and woodland and forest restorations. Green-bronze arrow-shaped leaves and yellow trumpet-shaped flowers through much of the summer. Dry to moist soils throughout the region.
Hammemalis virginiana
Witch Hazel
Yellow
October
4'Deciduous Forestpart to full shadeFall flowering shrub with attractive foliage. Suitable for mesic to moist forest sites. Highly recommended for woodland restoration.
Prunus americana
Wild Plum
White
May to June
to 10'Forest Edge Prairiefull to part sunProfuse bloomer with white flowers in the spring. One of the parents of domestic plums with good-tasting fruits. Produces runners and spreads to form a hedge.
Sambucus canadensis
Wild Elderberry
White
June to July
6-12'Lake Edge Marsh Swampfull to part sunFast-growing shrub tolerant of mesic to wet soils. White flower clusters are followed by deep purple berries. Very attractive and good in jam and wine.
Spiraea alba
Meadowsweet
White
June to Aug
3-4'Prairie
Lake Edge
Peatland
full to part sunShrub that frequents lake margins on soil ranging from sand to peat and saturated to moderately dry. Very fast growing for habitat restoration. Great butterfly plant.
Spiraea tomentosa SteeplebushPink
July to Aug
2.5-3.5'Prairie
Lake Edge
Peatland
full to part sunShrub of lake margins ranging from sandy to peaty. Beautiful tall spikes of pink flowers above attractive foliage. Fast growing for shoreland restoration. Good butterfly plant.
Symphoricarpos albus
Snowberry
White
June
3-4'Forest Woodlandfull sun to part shadeExcellent compact shrub for understory plantings and restoration sites. Blue green foliage and abundant white berries are attractive. Found throughout region.
Vaccinium angustifolium
Lowbush Blueberry
White
May to June
6-18"Prairie Forest Peatlandfull sun to shadeYummy, fruit-producing, sprawling plants that grow in a range of habitats ranging from dry, sandy pine barrens to saturated peatlands. Wide-ranging in MN and WI.
Vaccinium macrocarpon
Cranberry
Pink
May to June
4-8"Swamp Peatlandfull sun to shadeVery attractive creeping evergreen groundcover that produces good-sized red, fully edible berries in the fall. Color turns reddish in the fall. OK for moist upland soil. Widespread in the Upper Midwest.
Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Mountain Cranberry/
Lingonberry
Pinkish
June to July
4-8"Swamp Peatlandfull sun to shadeLow clustered stems with attractive evergreen leaves. Found in northern WI and MN. Much esteemed in the far north for sizable tart red berries.
Viburnum dentatum
Arrowwood Viburnum
White
June
10-12'Swamp Lake Edgefull sun to part shadeGlossy green toothed leaves. Dark purple berries in summer. Nice tall shrub for shoreland planting or as a hedge. Mesic to wet soils.
Viburnum lentago
Nannyberry
White
June
10-15'Forest Swamp Lake Edgefull sun to part shadeTall shrub with excellent purple fall foliage. Blue-black berries are very tasty fresh or in jam. Great bird cover and forage. Mesic to wet soils.
Viburnum trilobum
Highbush Cranberry
White
June
10-12'Forest Swamp Lake Edgefull sun to part shadeForms tall dense clusters with maple-like lobed leaves. Broad clusters of flowers followed by red berries that persist through winter for beauty and birds.
Trees
Abies balsamifera
Balsam Fir
noneto 75'Northern Forest Swampfull sun to part shadeMid-to late-successional tree of the northwoods, occasionally in swamps to the south. Nice landscape tree for island planting, excellent Christmas tree. Mesic to moist soil.
Acer rubrum
Red Maple
Red
April to May
to 50'Northern Forest Swampfull sun to part shadeMid- to late successional tree, mostly of the northwoods but also into the deciduous forests of central WI and southern MN. Nice fall color, dry to moist soil.
Acer saccharum
Sugar Maple
Yellow
April to May
50-75'Deciduous Forestfull sun to part shadeDominant climax (late successional) tree of decidous forests throughout the region. Best for maple sugaring. Mesic to moist soils.
Betula nigra
River Birch
Brown
April to May
60-90'Riparian Forest Lake Edgefull sun to part shadeCinnamon to reddish peeling bark. Long lived and disease resistant. A very nice tree for shoreland restorations on mesic to wet soils.
Betula papyrifera
Paper Birch
Brown
April to May
to 80'Forest
Swamp
full sun to part shadeLoved for its white, peeling bark. Gorgeous in clumps on soils ranging from dry to wet. Widely adapted, found throughout the region.
Celtis occidentalis
Hackberry
Green
May to June
to 100'Upland River-bottomfull sun to part shadeNice long-lived tree for a variety of habitats. Ranges through most of WI (except extreme north) and southern 2/3 of MN.
Larix laricina
Tamarack (American Larch)
none40-60'Swamp Peatland Lake Edgefull sun to part shadeThe only deciduous native conifer. Soft, light-green needles turn a beautiful gold in fall. One of last to lose leaves. Excellent for lake edge planting as well as in the landscape. Tolerates all but the driest soils.
Ostrya virginiana
Hop Hornbeam
Yellow
May to June
15-50'Rich Forestfull sun to shadeSlender small tree of sugar maple/basswood forests. Attractive platey bark and very hard wood. Inconspicuous flowers give rise to a hop-like cluster of fruits that persist into the winter.
Picea glauca
White Spruce
none50-75'Northern Forestfull sun to part shadeClimax species of the northern deciduous/conifer forests into the northern boreal forests. Very attractive tree for restoration and landscaping.
Pinus strobus
Eastern White Pine
none100-150'Forest Bluffs Swampfull sun to part shadeFast-growing, long-lived pine which brought the first wave of European loggers to the area. Beautiful in the landscape. Tolerant to soils from wet to dry.
Prunus virginiana
Choke Cherry
White
May to June
10-25'Forest Woodlandfull to part sunSmall tree producing runners and tending to form dome-shaped stands when growing in the open. Pendant infloresences of white flowers in spring. Good for jam.
Quercus alba
White Oak
Green
June
to 75'Forest Woodland Savannafull sun to part shadeOrnamental hardwood valued for its timber and acorn production. Common throughout the region on moist to dry soils.
Quercus borealis
Northern Red oak
Green
June
to 80'Forest Woodland Savannafull sun to part shadeRapidly growing ornamental hardwood. Best oak for beautiful red fall color. Tolerates moist to dry soils, long-lived.
Quercus ellipsoidalis
Northern Pin Oak
Green
June
to 75'Forest Woodland Savannafull to part sunPioneer species growing following stand removal through fire or logging. Attractive deeply divided leaves and small acorns in abundance. Particularly adapted to dry soils.
Quercus macrocarpa
Bur Oak
Green
June
70-80'Forest Woodland Savannafull sun to part shadeClimax tree species in drier forested areas across the region. Stately, spreading trees common in savannas. Acorns with distinct fringed cap.
Thuja occidentalis
Eastern White Cedar
noneto 50'Swamp Forest Lake Edgefull sun to part shadeTree from which many ornamental Arbor Vitae shrubs are selected. Forms an attractive pyramid-shaped tree. Good evergreen privacy screen. Valuable wildlife cover.